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Regional Report and Guidelines on School Finance in the Asia-Pacific Region under Capacity Development on Education Finance and Management in the Asia-Pacific Region


The regional study aimed to provide Member States with evidence, policy options and capacity to strengthen school finance management at a local level in the region. The scopes of the study were: a) Focusing on school finance for basic education, comprising primary education and secondary education; b) Looking at different funding sources from taxes, donors and  private sector and financing allocation to public schools and private schools; c) Clarifying the relationship between education planning, financing, budgeting, and financial management processes; d) Analysing school finance in terms of mobilization, allocation and management of budgets/funds; and e) Reviewing fund allocation mechanisms for teacher salaries, school facilities and infrastructure, books and learning materials, school feeding and health programs, CCTs, stipends and scholarships, per-pupil grants and block grants.



  1. Conducted field research in eight selected countries i.e. Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, China, Uzbekistan, and Myanmar;
  2. Prepared eight country reports;
  3. Drafted a comprehensive regional report to compared national school finance policies and systems in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond and provided recommendations to strengthen them;
  4. In line with the regional report, drafted practical guidelines to guide schools and communities in established an efficient and equitable school finance system; and
  5. Assessed impact on outcomes from the perspective of adequacy, equity and efficiency of school finance.


Timeframe: September, 2015 - May, 2016

Realated Countries: Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, China, Uzbekistan, Myanmar, Regional

Client(s): UNESCO

Categories: Education and Skills Development, Research and Study

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